Neena Banerjee and colleagues examined the extent to which the existence of collaboration among teachers and of a professional community at a school—defined in the study as school spirit, a sense of collegiality, literature review on teacher turnover learning and sharing literature review on teacher turnover ideas among teachers, agreement on school mission and better communication from school administrators regarding a central mission—mediates the relationship between teacher job satisfaction and student achievement.

While most groups were successful in overcoming this fear, one group in particular could not get past it and ended up disbanding. Schools that provide positive, healthy working environments for teachers probably do so in a variety of ways.

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Teasing out the effects of a specific collaborative practice on teacher retention and satisfaction can be difficult. After the teaacher initiated new collaboration-focused reforms, 18 teachers—roughly half of the school’s faculty—left the school before the start of the next year.

Does teacher collaboration improve teacher retention, satisfaction or instructional practice? But within the prevailing egg crate model, these attempts—such as introducing new curriculum materials, establishing learning standards, or providing professional development through in-service training—are often aimed at changing instruction by individual teachers.

Limited research has examined the extent to which job satisfaction among teachers has an impact on student achievement. It also found that collaborative teachers report more confidence in their teaching and greater job satisfaction.

Turhover on what teachers gain from collaboration may be limited in part because collaborative practices turnovdr far tend to be add-ons to schools that remain fundamentally isolating, making it difficult to know what the more far-reaching effects of sustained and systematic collaboration may be for teachers or for students. For more on this topic, see the subsection on lesson study. Nor have they compared collaboration with other literature review on teacher turnover that could be important in reducing turnover.


Instead, researchers often look at collaboration literwture part of a larger picture of what can help reduce turnover. Some teachers value the moral support that comes from collaboration. When teachers leave a school, professional expertise and collegial connections can be lost.

Collaboration appears to be one of several literature review on teacher turnover that can help make teachers feel more committed to their school and to teaching as a profession, according to a review of several studies of teacher collegiality. Case studies of two urban public middle schools found that collaborating revealed differences of opinion and led to conflict—but that those conflicts created a context for literature review on teacher turnover and growth.

Asking for help or admitting a struggle in such climates may be seen as signs of weakness, incompetence or inefficiency. Turnover is particularly high among teachers who are just beginning in the profession. Schools with lower teacher turnover tend to be more collaborative. A case study using surveys of teachers across 30 elementary schools in a southeastern U.

Teacher Retention and Satisfaction

We want to hear from you! Turnover may also reduce trust among teachers and reviiew teachers and administrators. Brendefur studied groups of teachers that they were encouraging and working with to collaborate around lesson study.

Teachers have been found to value collaboration for a variety of reasons, including moral support, but sometimes voice concerns and report experiencing conflict.

Future research on collaboration should further investigate the relationship between teacher job satisfaction and types of teacher collaboration, and the combined effect on student achievement. Although turnover is disruptive to schools, one case study of a rural high school described an instance in which the introduction of collaboration, rather than its absence, appeared to contribute to an increase in teacher attrition.


Stewart and Jonathan L. Teachers have been shown to avoid asking for help in climates where there is a stigma literature review on teacher turnover to doing so. Professional community in the school was hypothesized to lessen at least some of literature review on teacher turnover presumably adverse consequences of having a teacher who reported low job satisfaction. Therefore, while there literature review on teacher turnover evidence that schools with lower teacher turnover tjrnover to be more collaborative, those schools are likely also doing many things to retain and develop teachers that may be unrelated to collaboration per se.

However, this relationship was seen only in reading growth, not math growth. Collaborative practices can flounder if teachers are unable to be vulnerable. There is some limited evidence of oiterature relationship between teacher job satisfaction, teacher collaboration and student achievement.

Horn and Little concluded that literature review on teacher turnover litrature in how the groups of teachers talked with one another explained the different degrees of progress they made on their shared goals, with the group that was more successful at discussing and normalizing problems making more progress.

However, teachers may feel emboldened by knowing that other teachers will take risks and try new strategies, according to a small case study of teacher collaboration.