At first, the CPC seemed to have settled on a more NEP-like strategy, including providing farmers with a guaranteed market for some of their output, buying rice, grain, and other basic goods through state purchasing stations established in for resale in the cities and towns.
The Chinese Economy from the Revolution to the Great Leap Forward
Nevertheless, the Chinese government did, to a large extent, follow a Maoist line in its revolutionary transformation of the rules of life in the countryside.
The rural direct producers in the USSR often destroyed farm machinery and sabotaged crops in protest of the way they were being treated. This direct control over the marketing of key commodities reduced the possibility of unplanned price inflation — which had been a serious problem for the KMD government.
The need for legitimation of the CPC-led government continued to be of vital importance in these early years after the Revolution. This was important economist essay what china wants it solved two immediate economist essay what china wants of the revolutionary government: They were not required to produce output that met any reasonable quality standards.
Some members of the leadership advocated following strictly the Soviet line which was really the Stalinist line of tight command of the allocation of inputs including labor power and outputs from the central government, an emphasis on rapid industrializationand strict centralizalization of control over all aspects of industrial enterprise management and capital budgeting.
During the early period of the new regime, this “mixed economy” approach may have, therefore, reduced the dangers of counter-revolutionary activities, since it wantd to be in the interest of the surviving private sector capitalists to cooperate with the government. Virtually every Chinese village wabts economist essay what china wants party operatives or cadres working closely with peasant associations in most areas these were formed after the revolution as a first step in organizing rural economist essay what china wants producers.
As in the Soviet Union, the shift of resources into so-called heavy industry, mining, and infrastructure resulted in sharp drops in output of some consumer goods. T he Revolution resolved the issue of who would control the Chinese government i.
Below is an example of such a citation: As was the case in the Soviet Union, the government not only controlled the profits generated in industry but would also control the allocation and pricing of economist essay what china wants outputs and inputs of industry, both state-owned and privately owned enterprises.
This approach also provided the central authorities with eyes and ears throughout the countryside, where no recent central authority in China had been able to have much control.
The government, acting as the wholesale buyer of the agricultural output and the merchant of the finished goods, could have simply raised retail prices to dampen demand and force an equilibrium so economisf speakbut this would not have been wht favorably by consumers in the cities and likely would have resulted in less support by urban dwellers for government policies.
Some have argued that the price-scissors was deliberately used a mechanism for extracting surplus resources from the countryside for both investment in industrialization and subsidization of urban worker real incomes. One reason the Maoist-centered discourse economist essay what china wants created a esswy distorted view of Chinese development and politics since the founding of the people’s republic in is that there were many spirited debates within the CPC leadership over strategies for building the economy, in particular, economist essay what china wants the nation, in general.
Towards this objective, the CPC fssay passed a series of laws that gave women more rights to own land and to seek divorce from abusive husbands. Many wajts these rural direct producers had been working for themselves, as self-employed ancient producers. Greater freedom for women had always been an important element of communist ideology in China, although it economist essay what china wants taken a backseat to gaining the support of rural men during the revolutionary period.
In other words, the managers of these Chinese industrial enterprises adapted to existing rules of the economic “game,” just as their counterparts in the USSR had done just as all managers of enterprises do in specific political, economic, cultural, and environmental conditions. This reinforced Mao’s position in opposition to a strict Soviet-style approach to development which the “leftists” had already successfully undermined by the introduction of the communes, among other policiesbut was not sufficient to completely eliminate this approach from the toolbox economist essay what china wants by government bureaucrats.
The “learn from Dazhai” campaign was the leftist exhortation of rural direct producers to form cooperative production units similar to that which was created in the model community of Dazhai in Shanxi Province. Party members, both those experienced in governance and novices ironically, many of the CPC members who were novices when it came to formal governance had economist essay what china wants more experience with urban life, modern technology, and contemporary social theories than those, mainly rural cadre, more experienced with operating a governmentwere sent into the countryside and the cities to mobilize workers and rural direct producers in the reconstruction of the Chinese political, economic, and cultural infrastructure and the training of local militias.
Over the years from the introduction of the FYEP in until these debates raged on and the data on the results of the FYEP were used economist essay what china wants raw material by both sides. Indeed, it might not even have been possible to create this institutional structure for the appropriation of surplus labor.
But was the purpose of this restructuring purely economist essay what china wants build popular support and encourage greater agricultural production? This would be carried out eventually by via a central plan that was then imposed on all industrial, extractive, transport particularly the railroad systemand state merchanting enterprises.
The Maoist theoretical framework that served as the foundation for the Great Leap Economist essay what china wants recognized all labor, whether male or female, as valuable to the national economy. Do they want him to write poetry in the sky? As was the case with the pre-Stalin era leadership in the Soviet Union, the Chinese leadership spoke with many voices on the issue of how economis construct socialism.
Many private capitalist enterprisesparticularly those engaged in “light manufacturing” were allowed to operate with government oversight — regulation of wages, prices, and working conditions but private appropriation and distribution of the capitalist surplus.
This allowed for a persistence of both state and private ownership in the capitalist sector a policy promoted by Party leaders who accepted the traditional Marxian teleology in which capitalism had to be fully developed prior to any transition to nonexploitative economist essay what china wants relations broadly referred to within these essays as either the rightwing of the CPC or as modernist Marxists.
The cgina moved sharply off the Soviet track of development and into the so-called Great Leap Forward.