Another important point in how to use etc.

What about when it doesn’t matter if the audience knows the rest of the set? IA Isaac Arickappalil Aug 29, This is the case because we are not after grabbing headlines, but we write accurately what we know. Should your tutor or marker be one of them, you may want to play it safe. Originally Posted by bertietheblue.

Try to list fully or describe the list instead. You should consider the extent to which your structure helps you avoid saying the same thing twice. And this is a sentence from my composition: Last edited by tedtmc; Jun at By Williamyh in forum Pronunciation and Phonetics. If our eseay suggest that X possibly leads to Y, we say just that. Any ‘rules’ about this are local style preferences rather than binding requirements common to the English language. Never, never, never use etc.

Asking your reader to flick forth and back through your essay is even more of can i write etc in an essay interruption.


Given that it is an academic paper, the list should normally be expanded or have a group title “or any other 2D shapes”. The real pronunciation is “eht-SEHT-er-uh.

Generally, in American English, if “etc. Consider these phrases as bridges.

This makes your essay a pleasant read. I’m not sure whether to fix misspelled simply or flag for unattributed quote from Garner’s Modern American Usage; got any thoughts?

Research paper: Comma after “etc.” at the end of a sentence | Editage Insights

Subscribe to our blog. The analytic approach would examine the different views in terms of economic aspects first, before moving on to cultural aspects. But use it sparingly in research works. AP style is for media cxn, not academic writing. Others will simply struggle to understand without esszy look in the dictionary. In other languages Add links. Do not use “and” before “etc. This box contains a selection of useful phrases you can use in your essays. Bear in mind what your audience is likely to know.


At the end of “etc”, there should be a period. By having a clear structure, and keeping to it, your reader will always know where ii journey goes can i write etc in an essay. Comma usage in “if-then” sentences The complete guide to writing a brilliant research paper.

Using “Etcetera” in Academic Writing

In this case, you should jot them down, so as not to lose them. Because as scientists we normally want to be precise, there is a class of phrases we avoid: The use of “etc.

In text, a substitute such as and others is usually a better choice.